Why you should never post fake news on social media
How do you tell if you are the victim of fake news?
It’s easy to miss, but it can be very difficult to identify.
A new study from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the University at Buffalo suggests that when you spot fake news, it can take on a life of its own.
The research looked at how social media sites and news organizations responded to real-world events, including the death of Osama bin Laden and the September 11 terrorist attacks.
Researchers at the University and the university at Buffalo combined data from more than 1,000 news articles from September 11 through the end of 2016.
In a series of experiments, the researchers compared how the articles were perceived by news organizations and whether they changed over time.
They found that most sites that had published fake news did not change the articles’ wording or context over time, but the same was not true of sites that published more reliable, accurate information.
The researchers believe this was because the information that had been published by the sites was based on highly disputed information.
That information was often based on false information.
“If you post a fake news story, it’s not going to be accurate,” said University of Buffalo professor of communications and information management, Chris D’Antonio.
“But it could still be damaging to your reputation.”
The researchers also found that when fake news was based more on speculation than fact, it was more likely to have a negative impact on public opinion.
This is in line with previous research, but there was also some uncertainty about whether the misinformation could have any impact.
“There’s a lot of uncertainty in terms of whether these stories are actually going to cause harm,” said D’ANTONIO.
“It’s also unclear whether these fake news stories could actually affect public opinion.”
The research also found a significant difference in how sites responded to articles that shared more information about the events that led to the death.
When a false story was shared with more details, sites that shared information about events leading up to the bin Laden raid became less likely to publish fake news.
This was also true for sites that reported more accurate information, like a post that mentioned the deaths of two U.S. soldiers.
The study was published online in the journal Psychological Science in February.
“When people know that a story that’s been reported as true is false, it makes it more likely that people will think that the false story is false,” said lead researcher Chris Dallen, a professor of communication and information science at the UW-Madison.
“The question is, is there some kind of mechanism that gives people a false impression of the truth that’s actually true?”
Dallon said the study also found information that was shared about the deaths that was inaccurate in some cases.
“Even when people saw more information, they still saw more inaccurate information than they would have if they’d seen less,” said study author Mark E. Fenn, a UW-Bloomington associate professor of psychology.
“This is not just a question of reporting bias, but also of what’s known as social information processing.”
Dallento said the data suggest that there may be a difference in what information is shared when news organizations are using the most accurate information and when they are relying on information that has been reported by other news organizations.
“People may be less likely than they think to take the more accurate reporting as fact,” he said.
“That could be because people don’t know that this information was also based on inaccurate information.”
The UW-Whitewater study also suggested that fake news might have an impact on people’s perceptions of other topics, like race and politics.
People who were more concerned about racial issues, such as race relations and police brutality, were more likely than others to post fake stories that promoted a false claim that the United States is not safe from crime, Fenn said.
And people who were less concerned about political issues, like climate change, were less likely when they saw a false report that there was no connection between climate change and rising sea levels.
Fann said it’s possible that people may be influenced by misinformation when it comes to their personal safety, which could affect how they respond to news reports that may be highly inaccurate.
“For a lot in politics, it may be that the more you’re concerned about something, the more likely you are to spread misinformation that will have a damaging impact on your life,” he added.
“We don’t have the ability to know whether the effects are caused by the information itself or by what other people think.”